Cappadocia

In the geography of the ancient times, Cappadocia or Capadocia, Turkish Kapadokya refers to a widespread interior district of Asia Minor that would comprise of modern Turkey. The expression, as employed in tourism, approximately relates to the present-day Province of Turkey, Nevşehir. However, it is impossible to delimit Cappadocia's expanse with any real accuracy.

The area is a famed and accepted tourist spot, owing to its numerous unique geological, cultural as well as historic features. The region is located southwest to the prime city of Kayseri that is well-connected to Istanbul and Ankara by means of railroad and airline services.

The Cappadocia area is basically underlain by sedimentary rocks shaped in lakes as well as streams, and ignimbrite deposits exploded from ancient volcanoes dating back to 9 to 3 million years ago that would be in the late Miocene to Pliocene eras. The rocks of Cappadocia in close proximity to Göreme have worn out into numerous impressive pillars and minaret-like forms. Volcanic deposits are made up of soft rocks of which the local inhabitants have carved to form monasteries, homes, as well as churches.

Göreme developed into a monastic center amid 300-1200 AD. The first phase of settlement in Göreme stretches to the Roman period from Christianity. Yusuf Koç, Durmus Kadir, Ortahane, as well as Bezirhane churches in Göreme, churches and houses carved into rocks up to Bağıldere, Uzundere, and Zemi Valley bears the mystic side of history. The Göreme Open Air Museum is one of the most visited sites of the monastic communities in Cappadocia, it is also one of the most famous sites in central Turkey. This complex encompasses more than 30 rock-carved chapels and churches enclosing some outstanding frescoes that date from the 9th to the 11th centuries.

 
     
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